Key mobile application development frameworks in 2021

COVID-19’s forced social distancing and lockdown policies are driving a steady increase in mobile use. In the third quarter of 2020 alone, 33 billion new apps were downloaded worldwide, according to a recent report. Mobile users around the world spent 180 billion collective hours each month in the third quarter, spending a whopping $ 28 billion on technology applications. Without a doubt, the pandemic would have a lasting impact on mobile application development trends and technologies in the future, just like how it has transformed the mobile behavior of consumers.

It is true that a very attractive and remarkable business application will enhance the brand image and retain customers. Every business that wants to sell their products, extend their support, offer services or share information will certainly strive to make their mobile application user-friendly and accessible to customers. In addition to identifying how your mobile app works or what resources you’ll need, it’s important to determine which mobile development platforms or mobile technologies will best meet your needs.

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Whether it is Android, iOS, hybrid or cross-platform mobile app development, you need to be familiar with the popular mobile development app technology.

Five main programming languages ​​used to develop mobile applications today

The top five programming languages ​​widely used for mobile application development include:

1. Swift

If you are creating something specific to Apple OS (native to Apple), Swift is the language to look for. Swift is a popular iOS app development language that offers advanced functionality with minimal coding that can be easily maintained. Swift is a powerful and intuitive language popular with Apple developers who use it for macOS, iOS, watchOS, tvOS, etc.

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2. C ++

C ++ forms the simplistic basis of most programming languages ​​and has the power to create dynamic technology applications. C ++ is in great demand today for developing cross-platform applications. You can write code in C ++ to develop the app once and use it on different platforms (Android, iOS, and Windows) without sacrificing performance or app security. The simple and efficient compiler-based approach makes it a versatile tool that can be used for multiple platforms. Its sister language, Objective-C, was previously used for application development in Apple systems, before the introduction of Swift in 2014.

3. Java

Since the introduction of Android in 2008, this object-oriented programming language has been the popular and official language for the development of Android mobile applications. An extremely versatile language, Java helps keep your application flexible, modular and expandable. Java is easy to manage and there are many open source libraries available to users.

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4. HTML5

There is no better technology to use than HTML5 if your organization is planning to develop frontend web applications for mobile devices. Organizations that see cross-platform mobile app development as a daunting task often turn to HTML5 because it helps you deliver the right features and a great user experience. The “one-off write, run anywhere” benefit offered by HTML5 speeds up your time to market, improves your application’s visibility, makes development affordable, and supports offline browsing.

5. PHP

A fairly easy-to-learn language, PHP is object-oriented and uses a three-layered model to help build dynamic mobile and web apps. It is ideal for applications requiring database integration. Popular PHP frameworks such as Laravel, Lumen, CodeIgniter, and Symfony are widely used to build mobile apps that require complex backend and extensive data migration. Application projects Many large-scale users prefer this open-source language because it simplifies caching, authentication and even routing.

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A host of advanced technological tools are available for those who wish to build their own mobile applications using these programming languages. These developer tools are perfect for building mobile apps from scratch and even offer cross-platform capabilities to reach a wider audience.

Main tools that can help you build your own mobile app

1. PhoneGap

PhoneGap, also known as Apache Cordova, is an open source mobile app development framework that uses CSS3, HTML5, and JavaScript to build native apps for Android, Windows, and iOS. This framework allows for mixing native and hybrid snippets, resulting in apps that are neither mobile apps nor truly native web apps.

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2. Appcelerator

This open-source framework is the best choice for developing hardware-based applications. The framework uses HTML, PHP, and JavaScript to build native apps for iOS, Android, and Windows UWP.

3. RhoMobile

RhoMobile Suite is based on the powerful open-source Rhodes framework that supports the development of native applications for multiple platforms. It is widely used to build cross-platform and native mobile applications for consumers and businesses. RhoMobile uses web technologies such as CSS3, HTML5, JavaScript, and Ruby to build apps for most operating systems, including iOS, Android, and Windows.

4. WidgetPad

WidgetPad is one of the best open-source frameworks for developing cross-platform mobile applications. It uses web technologies such as JavaScript and HTML5 to provide a plethora of options such as source code editing, versioning and distribution. This open-source framework makes it possible to develop applications for platforms such as Android, iOS and Web.

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5. MoSync

MoSync is an open source, cross-platform mobile app development kit that uses programming languages ​​such as JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, and Python. It is integrated with the Eclipse-based IDE and enables the development of native mobile applications for multiple platforms using C / C ++ programming.

Case Study: Find out how a mobile video creation app developed by Fingent has transformed our customers’ experience. Click here to download the case study!

Top Mobile Application Development Frameworks Developers Should Explore in 2021

1. Flutter

Flutter is the hottest new cross-platform mobile app development technology in the city. It uses “Dart” as a programming language instead of JavaScript, which facilitates fast and efficient analysis, fabricates user interfaces, highlights and fixes bugs in milliseconds. Google’s open-source cross-platform SDK extends a wide range of plugins supported by Google and enables the creation of mobile applications for the Android and Apple iOS platforms.

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2. React Native

This open-source JavaScript framework has become the most preferred native mobile application development technology. It offers broad support for IDEs and other mobile application development tools and enables native application development for iOS and Android platforms. The ReactNative framework allows you to build native mobile apps with JavaScript, using the same design as React. Apps created with React Native are real mobile apps, which cannot be distinguished from an app built with Objective-C or Java or Swift.

3. Ionic

Ionic uses the HTML5 programming language and is widely preferred today for developing mobile applications. It combines HTML, CSS3, and JavaScript to build native apps and easily build their user interface features. This mobile application development technology works on UIWebView from iOS or WebView from Android. Ionic is built on Angular JS and Apache Cordova. Ionic is the easiest way for web developers to build, develop, and scale cross-platform mobile apps.

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4. Xamarin

This cross-platform framework with the coding benefits of C # uses single code on iOS, Android, Windows, and other platforms. With the benefits of code sharing, Xamarin creates apps that render an accurate native app experience. It is the most economical and the more economical for the development of mobile applications. Xamarin allows you to deliver native Android, iOS, and Windows apps with a single shared .NET codebase. The framework provides access to all of the functionality exhibited by the underlying platform and device, including platform-specific capabilities.

5. NativeScript

Originally developed by Progress (Telerik by Progress), NativeScript is one of the most sought-after open source frameworks for developing Apple iOS and Android applications today. NativeScript allows developers to build mobile applications using JavaScript or any other language that trans-compiles to JavaScript (eg: TypeScript). Native API reflection, Angular integration, and Vue.js integration are some of the notable features of NativeScript. The framework also allows developers to reuse third-party libraries from Maven, npm.js, and CocoaPods in their applications without using wrappers.

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6. Felgo

Felgo, formerly known as the V-Play Engine, is a popular cross-platform development framework used to build games and mobile apps. Felgo uses Qt as the main framework, which simplifies the development of games and applications. With Felgo, you can build flexible, modern, natively compiled applications from a single codebase for Android, iOS, desktop, web, and embedded platforms.

7. Angular mobile user interface

Mobile Angular UI is an open source mobile framework that combines the best features of Angular js and Bootstrap 3 syntax, including missing Bootstrap components. It provides new UI components like navigation bar, sidebars, modals and overlays, switches, etc. Since it uses Angular js and Bootstrap, it’s easy for developers to learn the framework and get started. Angular mobile user interface enables businesses to build hybrid HTML5 mobile and desktop apps with less effort.

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