Do you know how a proper piping system is formed? It is created with the help of pipe fittings. Pipes are just long straight items, so in order to change their direction or connect them with each other to make them even longer, pipe fittings are used. What about connecting pipes with other items like hoses and all? That is also done with the help of pipe fittings. Pipes are just one basic element of a piping system; the effectiveness of the piping system depends more on pipe fittings than pipes. Now that you know what pipe fittings are, let’s have a look at different pipe fittings materials. Pipe fittings are not manufactured in just one material, but a handful of materials can be found in pipe fittings. Some materials are best suited for certain tasks, while others are more effective for other tasks. We have an example for you to understand this better, like in pipe nipples, a type of pipe fitting, China carbon steel nipples are best suited for tasks that require permanent leakproof connection and great corrosion resistance like in plumbing pipes. However, here one can’t use copper nipples because they do have all the same qualities, but one disadvantage of them is that they increase the water acidity, so a big no for copper nipples for plumbing pipes. The common materials used to make different pipe fittings are brass, aluminum, stainless steel, iron, copper, PVC, cast iron, carbon steel, etc. Moving on to discussing common types of pipe fittings, keep reading!

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Types Of Pipe Fittings:
  • Elbow: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to change the direction of the pipe either by 90 degrees or by 45 degrees.
  • Tee: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to connect three pipes together, has an inlet and two outlets, or vice versa; its shape is like the English alphabet T.
  • Coupling: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used for pipes of the same diameter.
  • Reducer: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to connect two pipes of different diameters.
  • Bushing: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to reduce the diameter of a pipe for connection purposes.
  • Union: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to connect two pipes together in a way that they can be removed without deforming the entire connection.
  • Adaptor: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to change the end of unthreaded pipes for connection purposes.
  • Cap: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to close the dead-end of a pipe.
  • Plug: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to close the end of a pipe fitting.
  • Nipple: This is a type of structural pipe fitting that is used to connect two pipes together in one direction.
  • Valve: This is a type of pipe fitting that is used to start, stop and control the flow of liquid or gas running through the pipe.
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